By Carlos Quiles, Fernando López-Menchero
A Grammar of contemporary Indo-European is a whole reference consultant to a dwelling Indo-European language. It encompasses a entire description of Proto-Indo-European grammar, and gives an research of the complexities of the prehistoric language and its reconstruction from its descendant languages. Written in a clean and available kind, and illustrated with maps, figures and tables, this ebook focusses at the actual styles of use of past due Indo-European. The booklet is definitely organised and is stuffed with complete, transparent motives of components of bewilderment and trouble. It additionally includes an intensive English - Indo-European, Indo-European - English vocabulary, in addition to designated etymological notes, designed to supply readers with a simple entry to the data they require. an important reference resource for the scholar of Indo-European as a discovered and residing language, this paintings will attract scholars of languages, classics, and the traditional international, in addition to to common readers drawn to the heritage of language, and in talking the direct ancestor of the worlds biggest language kinfolk.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Modern Indo-European
This is a powerful demonstration of the effect of language change combined with geographical separation. Now notice something interesting. Around 1,500 years ago, the various peoples around the North Sea coast were all speaking closely related dialects of a single language. If this language had a name, it has not survived; modern scholars, for convenience, call it ‘Ingvaeonic’. Now Ingvaeonic was a single language, but, with the passage of time, it has split up into several distinct languages, including English, Dutch and Frisian (Frisian is a language spoken on several islands off the coast of the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark).
E) We arrived at a dusty village in the middle of the desert. (f) Wrapping her cloak tightly about her, she escaped from her escort. (g) Japanese manufacturers make heavy use of automated factories. (h) The ship’s passengers were quarantined for two weeks. (i) John is a mediocre mountain-climber, but he always makes it to the top. (j) After the break-in, our vegetarian shop was a shambles. (k) She’s painted a lovely blue-and-yellow miniature. (l) A dishevelled old man, bald and toothless, huddled in a doorway.
See if you can find some further systematic correspondences, not necessarily at the beginnings of words. English apple bear bed better bid by day door dream drive drop finger fire foot for give German Apfel Bär Bett besser biet(en) bei Tag Tür Traum treib(en) Tropfe Finger Feuer Fuss für geb (en) English go good great green new nine pan penny plum thick thin think through thumb water white German geh (en) gut gross grün neu neun Pfanne Pfennig Pflaume dick dünn denk(en) durch Daumen Wasser weiss Here are some examples.
A Grammar of Modern Indo-European by Carlos Quiles, Fernando López-Menchero