By Angel Sáenz-Badillos, John Elwolde, Shelomo Morag
A historical past of the Hebrew language is a accomplished description of Hebrew from its Semitic origins and the earliest payment of the Israelite tribes in Canaan to the current day. even if Hebrew is an oriental language, it really is still heavily linked to Western tradition because the language of the Bible and was once utilized in writing by means of the Jews of Europe through the center a while. It has additionally been newly revived nowa days because the language of the nation of Israel. Professor Angel Saenz-Badillos units Hebrew within the context of the Northwest Semitic languages and examines the origins of Hebrew and its earliest manifestations in historic biblical poetry, inscriptions, and prose written sooner than the Babylonian exile. He seems on the various mediaeval traditions of printing classical biblical Hebrew texts and the attribute positive aspects of the post-exilic language, together with the Hebrew of the useless Sea Scrolls. He offers specific consciousness to Rabbinic and mediaeval Hebrew, particularly as evidenced in writings from Spain. His survey concludes with the revival of the language this century within the type of Israeli Hebrew.
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Additional info for A History of the Hebrew Language
See Jackson 1983,77ff. 59 See Israel 1979; Jackson 1983,41; Garr 1985,223. 60 See Jackson 1983,33. 61 See D. Sivan 1982,228. P. ) thinks it highly unlikely that the initial taw of tdltbdlt in the Amman citadel inscription should be interpreted as the nota accusatwi. 62 See, for example, Landes 1962, 109. G. ) concluded that it is a North Arabian dialect; cf. Garbini 1974. 63 See Glueck 1938, etc. 64 See M. Bennet 1966; Israel 1979a. ; Beit-Arieh and Cresson 1985. 66 Sec Geraty 1972. 67 Sec Cross 1969a; Naveh 1971,27.
The vowel system tended to become richer with distinctions in vowel quality taking precedence over differences of quantity. Older vowels were progressively displaced by newer ones. A large part of the Northwest Semitic area 94 See Blau 1968,36. 95 See Harris 1939,81 ffG arbini 1960,19ff. 47 History of the Hebrew language experienced a shift from ~a to 6, with diphthongs normally being reduced throughout the region, although retained in specific environments in some dialects. In the first millennium BCE, shewa appears in a number of Canaanite dialects.
Difficulties of interpretation prevent a proper understanding of the language, which is usually considered to be an ancestor of Phoenician or of Canaanite in general. The southern area is represented by the forty-five Proto-Sinaitic inscriptions, which were first discovered at the beginning of the century near the mines of Serabit el-Khadem, in the west of the Sinai peninsula, and which probably date from the middle of the 22 See B6hl 1909; Ebeling 1910; Dhorme 1913-14. ; Garbini 1960,180f. 24 See Moran 1960; Rainey 1973.
A History of the Hebrew Language by Angel Sáenz-Badillos, John Elwolde, Shelomo Morag