By Elena Agarossi, Harvey Fergusson II
Drawing on in most cases unpublished records, A kingdom Collapses revises the conventional realizing of a severe second within the background of global struggle II: the cave in of the Italian fascist regime and Italy's unconditional give up in September 1943. The booklet argues that, in the course of their mystery negotiations earlier than the overthrow of Mussolini in July 1943, either Italy and Britain negotiated in undesirable religion and with loads of duplicity. The ensuing misunderstandings and misjudgments led to an all of sudden lengthy and brutal crusade of conquest following Italy's hand over.
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Extra info for A Nation Collapses: The Italian Surrender of September 1943
Dino Grandi tried at first to aim for a "constitutional crisis" in promoting the coup of July 25. 68 Even Ciano tried to make contact with the British. It is likely that Mussolini was reluctant to request a separate peace from the Anglo-Americans since that would be a "betrayal" of his ally, but at the same time he was the only one with the power and the capacity to take the initiative. "69 The anti-Fascists, especially those living abroad, tried to establish contacts with both the British and the Americans in order to find a solution to the Italian crisis, but with few results.
S. attitude became less accommodating after "the Darlan affair" and the serious Italian setbacks in the fall of 1942. 3. The Adoption of the Unconditional Surrender Principle at the Casablanca Conference The determining role of the Foreign Office in deciding policy on Italy was sanctioned by the adoption of the unconditional surrender principle formulated by Roosevelt and Churchill at the Casablanca Conference, which was held from January 12 to 26, 1943, and then approved by Stalin. Italy's surrender constituted the first application of this principle that was to guide Allied policy until the end of the war.
I never saw these alleged air raids. There was no will to oppose the enemy landing. However, the courage of the units that did resist is worthy of note. . [T]he lack of fighting spirit among the Italians in Sicily came from the fact that the will to fight originates with commanders and these commanders had lost control of the situation. . 96 The lack of confidence and the feeling that the struggle was in vain were reinforced by the Allies' effective propaganda, which promised to let the Sicilian soldiers who surrendered go free and not to consider them prisoners of war.
A Nation Collapses: The Italian Surrender of September 1943 by Elena Agarossi, Harvey Fergusson II